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Like most cities in Austria, the city of Linz is based on the Roman expansion to the North. The bending of the River Danube made this territory a strategic point and a small castle fortified it. The castle and its settlements where named Lentia. Linz was first mentioned in 799 AD, when the Bavarians expanded to the South and this area was transformed into a trading hub.
Starting at the beginning of the 16th century the ideas of the Reformation reached Linz and where happily welcomed. By 1542, the first protestant major was elected and the Landhaus was erected. In 1600 the Habsburgers initiated the Counter Reformation. By 1700 the Linz's layout was formed and remains to this day, with Baroque buildings and the erecting of different monasteries. A wool fabrication plant was built, giving work to up to 50.000 people, making Linz Austria's main textile factory and a center of trade.
With industrialisation in the early 19th century Linz grew more and more into a commercial city, which made it a traget for above average air raids during World War II. In 1966 Linz became a university city with the construction of the Johannes Kepler University.